2:00 PM - 2:15 PM
[SSS12-02] Seismic velocity structure in southern Hokkaido deduced from ocean-bottom seismographic and land observations
Keywords:ocean-bottom seismograph (OBS), seismicity, tomography, Hidaka Collision Zone, delamination, Hokkaido
The results from the tomographic analysis are as follows.
1. A high-velocity body seems to be obducted toward the crest of the Hidaka Mountains from east beneath the land area, which is interpreted as the obducted lower crust of the Kuril arc. The high-velocity region extends to the east of the Hidaka Mountains at depths of 15-35 km. A low-velocity region is located to the west of the Hidaka Mountains so as to contact with the high-velocity region at the Hidaka main thrust. It is interpreted as the northeast Japan arc. These results are consistent with those obtained by previous tomographic studies.
2. We found a distinct low velocity region dipping southwestward from beneath the Hidaka Mountains to the source area of the 1982 Urakawa-oki earthquake at depths of 35-45 km which was imaged only by the tomographic analysis using the data from OBSs. It is interpreted as the lower part of the delaminated Kuril arc lower crust, which has an area of about 50 km wide by 50 km long.
3. The colliding low-velocity crustal material disappears in the southeast of Cape Erimo. Moreover many microearthquakes occurred in the low-velocity region whereas the seismic activity was low outside it. These results suggest the effect of arc-arc collision is reduced abruptly in the offshore area as the southeastward extension of the Hidaka Mountains.
4. The hypocenter of the 1970 Hidaka earthquake (M 6.7) is located at the boundary between the high and low velocity regions. The fault plane of the 1982 Urakawa-oki earthquake is located at the western boundary of the high Vp anomaly faster than 8.0 km/s. Thus these M7 class inland earthquakes occurred at material boundaries, which is consistent with Kita et al. (2012, JGR 117).
5. The overriding plate above the seismogenic asperity of the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake (M 8.0) is characterized by high Vp/Vs on the northeast side of Cape Erimo. This result is consistent with Machida et al. (2009, Tectonophysics 465).
We thank the crew of the R/V Kofu Maru of the former Hakodate Marine Observatory for their cooperation during deployment of OBSs. We thank D. Zhao for permitting us to use his computer program for 3-D tomographic inversion.