Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS13] Strong Ground Motion and Earthquake Disaster

Mon. May 27, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Masayuki Kuriyama(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Kazuhiro Somei(Geo-Research Institute)

[SSS13-P06] Source Process of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi Earthquake Inferred from Strong Motion Data and Green's Functions Based on Three-Dimensional Velocity Structure Model

*Kimiyuki Asano1, Tomotaka Iwata1 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

Keywords:the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake, strong motion data, source rupture process, three-dimensional velocity structure model

The source rupture process of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake (MJMA 6.7) was analyzed by the kinematic waveform inversion using strong motion data. Since this earthquake occurred close to the Hidaka Collision Zone and the Ishikari Lowland, the crustal and sedimentary basin structure of surrounding region is rather complex. Thus, we tried to use a three-dimensional velocity structure model to compute theoretical Green's functions. We used the Japan Integrated Velocity Structure Model (JIVSM; Koketsu et al., 2012), and the Green's functions were computed by the three-dimensional finite difference method. The source fault model with strike-angle variation was set by referring to the spatial distribution of early aftershocks and the Global CMT solution. The source rupture process was estimated by the multiple time-window kinematic waveform inversion method (e.g., Hartzell and Heaton, 1983). The observed data for the inversion was strong-motion velocity waveforms in 0.04–0.5 Hz at K-NET, KiK-net and F-net stations. The rupture starting point was assumed to be at the hypocenter located by JMA at a depth of 37 km. The strong motion stations were selected based on the result of forward ground motion simulation of an Mw 4.1 aftershock occurring on September 14, 2018.
The estimated source model has small slip in the vicinity of the hypocenter, but significant slip is found in the depth range from about 22 km to 32 km. The rupture mainly propagated toward shallow and southwest direction. Considering crustal structure in this region (e.g., Iwasaki et al., 2004; Kita et al., 2012), the large slip area (asperity) is located in the middle-to-lower crust, and its rupture does not reach the upper crust. The depth range of significant slip is consistent with the spatial distribution of early aftershocks. Later aftershocks occurring in shallower depth are thought to occur outside the mainshock's source fault.

Acknowledgements: Strong motion data from K-NET, KiK-net and F-net (NIED) and JMA unified hypocenter catalog were used in this study. This study was supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Special Purposes 18K19952 (PI: Prof. Hiroaki Takahashi at Hokkaido University) from MEXT.