Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS14] Fault Rheology and Earthquake Physics

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A05 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Keishi Okazaki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hideki Mukoyoshi(Department of Geoscience Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University), Hiroyuki Noda(Kyoto University, Disaster Prevention Research Institute), Keisuke Yoshida(Tohoku University), Chairperson:Keisuke Yoshida(東北大学大学院理学研究科 地球物理学専攻), Keishi Okazaki(JAMSTEC)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[SSS14-02] Estimation of fault model of the 2017 Pohang, South Korea earthquake using seismic and geodetic analyses

*Sun-Cheon Park1, Won-Jin Lee2, Geunyoung Song1, Duk Kee Lee1 (1.Korea Meteorological Administration, 2.National Institute of Environmental Research)

Keywords:2017 Pohang earthquake, surface deformation, aftershock distribution, fault model

After the 2017 Pohang, South Korea earthquake with magnitude (ML) 5.4, surface deformation was observed using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) technique. This observation of surface deformation can be a constraint to estimate the fault model in addition to aftershock distribution and other seismic information. As the result of InSAR processing using X-band Cosmo-Sky-Med and C-band Sentinel-1 data, we observed the maximum deformation of about 4 cm in Line-Of-Sight (LOS) direction.
Considering this observation, we estimated the fault model of the 2017 Pohang earthquake. We determined hypocenters of the earthquake sequence and carried out moment tensor inversion. Then we estimated the dimension and depth of the fault plane using aftershock distribution and displacement on the fault using the seismic moment. Surface deformation was calculated using the formula of Okada (1985) and assuming several models of slip distribution on the fault and was compared with the surface deformation pattern in LOS direction. Larger surface deformation toward the satellite was observed to the northeast from the epicenter and this pattern was well explained by fault models having the slip on the shallow fault plane. During the presentation, we will discuss more about the fault model comparing surface deformation and the aftershock distribution.