Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS14] Fault Rheology and Earthquake Physics

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A05 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Keishi Okazaki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hideki Mukoyoshi(Department of Geoscience Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University), Hiroyuki Noda(Kyoto University, Disaster Prevention Research Institute), Keisuke Yoshida(Tohoku University), Chairperson:Hiroyuki Noda( DPRI, Kyoto University), Keishi Okazaki(JAMSTEC)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[SSS14-16] Physics of earthquake triggering: effect of stress perturbation to slip acceleration

★Invited Papers

*Takahiro Hatano1 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:earthquake triggering

Recent observation studies have revealed that the occurrence of tremors is sensitive to faint stress changes such as ocean tides. This might not be surprising in light of the low stress drop caused by tremors. Interestingly, however, ordinary earthquakes too may be sensitive to weak stress perturbations, although it is not so common as for tremors. Dynamic triggering should be the most prominent illustration of such sensitivity, but the occurrence of ordinary earthquakes could be also correlated to ocean tides, snowfalls, and rainfalls.

To understand such sensitivities to stress perturbation in a unified point of view, here we analyze the rupture nucleation process on a fault subject to weak periodic stress modulation. Assuming the rate- and state-dependent friction law with one state variable, we calculate the threshold amplitude above which the rupture initiation exhibits correlation with the perturbation phase. It is found that the crack-like nucleation is more sensitive to the perturbations than the patch-like nucleation. The estimated threshold amplitude for the crack-like nucleation is significantly lower than the tidal stress change. Time-to-failure for the both nucleation types in the presence of perturbation is estimated, and it is not significantly affected by the stress perturbation. We also discuss the optimum frequency at which the correlation is enhanced.