Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS15] Active faults and paleoseismology

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Mamoru Koarai(Earth Science course, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Takashi OGAMI(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ryosuke Doke(Hot Springs Research Institute of Kanagawa Prefecture), Hisao Kondo(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chairperson:HISAO KONDO(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuhiko Sugito(Hosei University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[SSS15-14] Coastal submergence events identified by fossil diatoms and plant macrofossils at Ukishima-ga-hara adjacent to the Suruga Trough (eastern Nankai Trough), central Japan

*Yuki Sawai1, Arata Momohara2, DAN MATSUMOTO1, Yumi Shimada1,3 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 2.Chiba University, 3.University of Tsukuba)

Keywords:submergence event, diatom, plant macrofossil, radiocarbon dating, Fujikawa-kako fault zone

We identified eight episodic submergence events based on paleontological analyses on peaty sediment samples at Ukishima-ga-hara lowland in Shizuoka Prefecture, central Japan. Lithostratigraphy of sediment samples from Ukushima-ga-hara has no clear changes in facies, but changes in compositions of diatom assemblages and plant macrofossils suggest episodic submergence events. For example, at about 2.3 m and 3.1 m below the ground surface, while aerophilic diatoms (such as Diadesmis contenta) dominate underlying peaty layer, freshwater and brackish planktonic taxa (Aulacoseira and Thalassiosira) abound in overlying layer. Radiocarbon ages of plant macrofossils taken from samples just above and below the event horizons were used to constrain event ages. As the results of applying Bayesian estimation, the youngest one may be correlated with either 1707 or 1498 earthquake. The second one was with either 1361 or 1498 earthquake. The third one covers ages of 1096 and 887 earthquakes. These submergence events may be generated with coastal deformation associated with subduction zone earthquake along Suruga Trough and/or active fault earthquake at Fujikawa-kako-fault zone.