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[SSS17-02] Deep low-frequency earthquakes corresponding to the 2011 and 2018 eruptions in Kirishima volcano
Keywords:Deep low-frequency earthquake, Kirishima volcano
In results of relocation, hypocenters of the deep LFEs are concentrated in small clusters at the depth of 13 km and 22 km, especially many LFEs are located at the depth of about 22 km. On the other hand, result of the matched filter technique shows that deep LFEs at the depth of 23-25 km are activated for about two years including 2011 subplinian eruptions of Shinmoe-dake in Kirishima volcano group. The period of activation corresponds to the period of crustal deformation due to the volume change of the magma reservoir located beneath Ebino plateau at the depth of about 8 km (Nakao et al., 2013). From both results, we find that deep LFEs activated in the two years are located at the depth of 23-25 km, deeper than the locations of deep LFEs which constantly occurred from 2004 to 2018. Waveforms of deep LFEs activated around the 2011 eruptions have different characteristics such as lower frequencies and weak P wave onsets. The locations of activated deep LFEs migrated from shallow part to deep part of the small cluster at the depth of about 23-25 km during the two years of activation. In addition, there are some characteristic deep LFEs which were intensively observed in the periods of phreatic eruptions from March 2010 to July 2010 and phreatomagmatic eruptions from June 2011 to September 2011.Activation of deep LFEs was also observed in the period of eruptions in 2018, however, the depth and waveforms of the deep LFEs are same as those of deep LFEs which constantly occur at the depth of 20-23 km.
These results suggest that the deep LFEs occurring at the depths of 20-25 km are triggered by fluid flow. The difference of deep LFEs in 2011 and 2018 suggest that the fluid paths of the 2011 eruptions and 2018 eruptions are different. Activation of deep LFEs was not observed at the depth of 13 km in the periods of both eruptions, therefore, this deep LFEs may correspond to Ohachi volcano which did not erupt in the periods.