2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[SSS17-04] Deep low-frequency earthquakes, tomography and magmatic system beneath active volcanoes
Keywords:deep low-frequency earthquakes, seismic tomography, active volcano
We also investigated the 3-D seismic structure of source areas of the 6 October 2000 Western Tottori earthquake (M 7.3) and the 21 October 2016 Central Tottori earthquake (M 6.6) that occurred near the Daisen volcano in SW Japan (Zhao et al., 2018a). The two large events took place in a high-velocity (high-V) zone in the upper crust, whereas low-V and high-σ anomalies are revealed in the lower crust and upper mantle. LFEs (M 0.0–2.1) occurred in or around the low-V and high-σ zones, which reflect upward migration of magmatic fluids from the upper mantle to the crust under the Daisen volcano. The nucleation of the Tottori earthquakes may be affected by the ascending fluids. The flat subducting PHS slab has a younger lithosphere age and so a higher temperature beneath the Daisen and Tottori area, facilitating the PHS slab melting. It is also possible that a PHS slab window has formed along the extinct Shikoku Basin spreading ridge beneath SW Japan, and mantle materials below the PHS slab may ascend to the shallow area through the slab window. These results suggest that the Daisen adakite magma was affected by the PHS slab melting and upwelling flow in the upper mantle above the subducting Pacific slab.
Detailed 3-D Vp, Vs and σ images of the crust and upper mantle beneath Kyushu are determined, with a focus on the source area of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake (M 7.3) that occurred in the Beppu-Shimabara graben (BSG) where four active volcanoes and many active faults exist (Zhao et al., 2018b). The 2016 Kumamoto earthquake took place in a high-V and low-σ zone in the upper crust, which is surrounded and underlain by low-V and high-σ anomalies in the upper mantle. This result suggests that, in and around the source zone of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, strong structural heterogeneities relating to active volcanoes and magmatic fluids exist, which may affect the seismogenesis. Along the BSG, low-V and high-σ anomalies do not exist everywhere in the upper mantle but mainly beneath the active volcanoes, suggesting that hot mantle upwelling is not the only cause of the graben. The BSG was most likely formed by joint effects of northward extension of the Okinawa Trough, westward extension of the Median Tectonic Line, and hot upwelling flow in the mantle wedge beneath the active volcanoes.
Niu, X., D. Zhao, J. Li (2018). Precise relocation of low-frequency earthquakes in Northeast Japan: New insight into arc magma and fluids. Geophys. J. Int. 212, 1183-1200.
Yu, Z., D. Zhao, X. Niu, J. Li (2018). Spatiotemporal distribution of low-frequency earthquakes in Southwest Japan: Evidence for fluid migration and magmatic activity. J. Asian Earth Sci. 151, 148-172.
Zhao, D., X. Liu, Y. Hua (2018a). Tottori earthquakes and Daisen volcano: Effects of fluids, slab melting and hot mantle upwelling. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 485, 121-129.
Zhao, D., K. Yamashita, G. Toyokuni (2018b). Tomography of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake area and the Beppu-Shimabara graben. Scientific Reports 8, 15488.