4:45 PM - 5:00 PM
[STT44-06] Repeated Drone Magnetic Survey over Usu Volcano, Hokkaido Japan
Keywords:Drone, UAS, UAV, Magnetic Survey, Repeated Magnetic Survey, Usu Volcano
Using this drone magnetic survey system, we have conducted magnetic surveys over the Usu 2000 eruption area (Nishiyama craters area, Area A) and the southwestern flank of the main edifice of Usu volcano (Area B), Hokkaido Japan (Okuma et al., 2018b). In Area B, a curious magnetic anomaly had been observed by a previous helicopter-borne EM and magnetic survey in late 2000, which was flown at an altitude of 70–100 m above terrain along north–south survey lines and east–west tie lines, spaced 100 m and 1,000 m apart.
In May 2018, the drone surveys were flown at an altitude of 30 m above terrain along east–west survey lines (Area A) and north–south survey lines (area B), spaced 25 m apart. Total magnetic intensities were observed in every 0.1 seconds by the Cs magnetometer with GNSS positioning. According to data processing, the surveys were successful for mapping magnetic anomalies whose general pattern were well retrieved in the both areas, compared to known magnetic anomalies compiled from the 2000 survey.
Then, we applied the generalized mis-tie control method (Nakatsuka et al., 2009) to the magnetic anomalies of both 2000 and 2018 surveys in Area A and calculated temporal magnetic variations at crossover points. Although the survey specification of each survey was different, the result was successful to derive positive magnetic changes larger than 100 nT in and around intensive fumarolic areas of the 2000 eruption. The areas were characterized as apparent negative magnetic anomalies by the 2000 survey and are estimated to be underlain by Pleistocene volcanic rocks with reverse magnetization. Since the beginning of the eruption, the fumarolic activity gradually extended from the eruption center to the NNW along a ridge and lasted for several years. This implies that Pleistocene volcanic rocks constituting the area have been demagnetized by the strong fumarolic activity related to dyke intrusions at the 2000 eruption.
Based on the results above, it is concluded that drone magnetic survey is a promising method to derive long-term temporal magnetic changes and can play an important role to monitor volcanic activity.
Nakatsuka, T., Utsugi, M., Okuma, S., Tanaka, Y. and Hashimoto, T. (2009) Detection of aeromagnetic anomaly change associated with volcanic activity: An application of the generalized mis-tie control method. Tectonophysics, 478, 3-18. DOI:10.1016/j.tecto.2009.02.018
Okuma, S., Makino, M., Miyakawa, A., Nakatsuka, T., Kudo, S., Yanagida, M., Sasaki, T. and Sugimori, T. (2018a) Preliminary Experiments of a Drone Magnetic Survey System for Geophysical Mapping, STT49-02, JpGU 2018 Meeting.
Okuma, S., Makino, M., Nakatsuka, T., Miyakawa, A., Yanagida, M. and Okumura, M. (2018b) Drone Magnetic Surveys over Eruption Areas of Usu Volcano, Hokkaido Japan, NS41A-0807, AGU 2018 Fall Meeting.