Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-TT Technology & Techniques

[S-TT44] Airborne surveys and monitoring of the Earth

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A07 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Shigekazu Kusumoto(Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Research, University of Toyama), Takao Koyama(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yuji Mitsuhata(AdvancedIndustrial Science and Technology), Shigeo Okuma(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Chairperson:Shigekazu Kusumoto, Takao Koyama(東京大学 地震研究所 火山センター), Shigeo Okuma(産業技術総合研究所), Yuji Mitsuhata(国立研究開発法人 産業技術総合研究所)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[STT44-06] Repeated Drone Magnetic Survey over Usu Volcano, Hokkaido Japan

*Shigeo Okuma1, Masahiko Makino2, Tadashi Nakatsuka1, Ayumu Miyakawa1, Makoto Yanagida3, Minoru Okumura4 (1.Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 3.Hanshin Consultants Co., Ltd., 4.Nippon Engineering Consultants Co., Ltd.)

Keywords:Drone, UAS, UAV, Magnetic Survey, Repeated Magnetic Survey, Usu Volcano

We have been developing a drone magnetic survey system using a portable magnetometer with a differential GNSS system (Okuma et al., 2018a). This time we employed a hexacopter with a diagonal axis distance of 995 mm and with a maximum payload of 5.7 kg (Okuma et al., 2018b). A main console of Geometrics G-858 Cs magnetometer, a NovAtel OEM615 GNSS receiver with its antenna and the GNSS data logger were attached to the drone. A Cs sensor was suspended from the drone by a string. We have tested flying attitudes and magnetic noise of the drone by changing a suspending length of the sensor cable. We concluded that an optimum cable length of our system was 0.85 m for surveys over rugged terrains because of the power of our drone. In this case, magnetic noise caused by the drone was estimated to be around 15 nT at the maximum by our experiments (Okuma et al., 2018b).

Using this drone magnetic survey system, we have conducted magnetic surveys over the Usu 2000 eruption area (Nishiyama craters area, Area A) and the southwestern flank of the main edifice of Usu volcano (Area B), Hokkaido Japan (Okuma et al., 2018b). In Area B, a curious magnetic anomaly had been observed by a previous helicopter-borne EM and magnetic survey in late 2000, which was flown at an altitude of 70–100 m above terrain along north–south survey lines and east–west tie lines, spaced 100 m and 1,000 m apart.

In May 2018, the drone surveys were flown at an altitude of 30 m above terrain along east–west survey lines (Area A) and north–south survey lines (area B), spaced 25 m apart. Total magnetic intensities were observed in every 0.1 seconds by the Cs magnetometer with GNSS positioning. According to data processing, the surveys were successful for mapping magnetic anomalies whose general pattern were well retrieved in the both areas, compared to known magnetic anomalies compiled from the 2000 survey.

Then, we applied the generalized mis-tie control method (Nakatsuka et al., 2009) to the magnetic anomalies of both 2000 and 2018 surveys in Area A and calculated temporal magnetic variations at crossover points. Although the survey specification of each survey was different, the result was successful to derive positive magnetic changes larger than 100 nT in and around intensive fumarolic areas of the 2000 eruption. The areas were characterized as apparent negative magnetic anomalies by the 2000 survey and are estimated to be underlain by Pleistocene volcanic rocks with reverse magnetization. Since the beginning of the eruption, the fumarolic activity gradually extended from the eruption center to the NNW along a ridge and lasted for several years. This implies that Pleistocene volcanic rocks constituting the area have been demagnetized by the strong fumarolic activity related to dyke intrusions at the 2000 eruption.

Based on the results above, it is concluded that drone magnetic survey is a promising method to derive long-term temporal magnetic changes and can play an important role to monitor volcanic activity.


Nakatsuka, T., Utsugi, M., Okuma, S., Tanaka, Y. and Hashimoto, T. (2009) Detection of aeromagnetic anomaly change associated with volcanic activity: An application of the generalized mis-tie control method. Tectonophysics, 478, 3-18. DOI:10.1016/j.tecto.2009.02.018

Okuma, S., Makino, M., Miyakawa, A., Nakatsuka, T., Kudo, S., Yanagida, M., Sasaki, T. and Sugimori, T. (2018a) Preliminary Experiments of a Drone Magnetic Survey System for Geophysical Mapping, STT49-02, JpGU 2018 Meeting.

Okuma, S., Makino, M., Nakatsuka, T., Miyakawa, A., Yanagida, M. and Okumura, M. (2018b) Drone Magnetic Surveys over Eruption Areas of Usu Volcano, Hokkaido Japan, NS41A-0807, AGU 2018 Fall Meeting.