[STT45-P08] Evaluation of InSAR analysis result using pipe strain gauge data in Otari village, Nagano prefecture, Japan
Keywords:PALSAR-2, Landslide, InSAR
To take measures against landslide disaster, Nagano Prefecture installed pipe type strain gauge in Ahara area, and the measured strain data were used to evaluate the image-detected deformation. As a result, at the slip layer of 8-m depth from the ground, the strain gauge measured 13μST on the earthquake and it also indicated westward deformation. Empirically, strain over ca. 20,000μST cuts electric measurement cables, and this strain is known to be equal to 2-3 cm deformation under the ground. Therefore, 13μST is thought to be correspondent to 0.0013 cm deformation. Thus, the image-detected deformation itself was proved by the gauge-measured strain data and westward deformation direction was harmonized with the gauge-measured strain data. However, it was found that the image-detected deformation amount is 2,000 times larger than the strain gauge-calculated deformation amount.
Focusing on the deformation after the earthquake, as the observation periods of the images were not overlapped with measurement period of the strain gauge, assuming that the deformation proceeds at uniform speed in landslide body, then, both data were compared in daily mean deformation speed. The image-detected speed was calculated as 0.025-0.064 cm/day, and strain gauge-detected speed 0.000083 cm/day was calculated from 58μST. It was found that the image-detected deformation speed is 300-780 times larger than the strain gauge-calculated speed. We think that this difference is attributed to the fact that InSAR measured the deformation not on the ground but along LoS distance and strain gauge measured the deformation not on the ground but under the ground. Furthermore, we think that the reason of more difference of the deformation amount on the earthquake than after the earthquake is that the image on the earthquake includes the deformation not only by landslide surface deformation but also crustal deformation by the earthquake.