11:45 AM - 12:00 PM
[SVC36-11] Arc magmatism in the northernmost part of Kamchatka caused by the aseismic subducted Bering slab
Keywords:slab edge, Pacific Plate, Kamchatka
We investigated the northern part of SR (N-SR) from N58°05’ and up to N58°38’ located north beyond the seismically determined PAC slab edge and found several the Quaternary-age fresh lava flows, young monogenetic cones and stratovolcanoes formed on the old basement rocks of plateau lavas. The N-SR lavas are classified as medium-K series basalt to andesite and show typical arc signatures with strong but variable LILE and LREE and low HFSE concentration, which indicates that fluid components have been supplied to the area where a subducted slab is not detected seismically. The fluid components could have been derived from the lower crust and/or lithospheric mantle or aseismic subducted slab (e.g., Volynets et al., 2010; Nekrylov et al., 2018). Compared with the volcanic front lavas of EVF and the Klyuchevskoy Volcanic Group located in CKD, the N-SR lavas have relatively high Nb and Ta contents. Such arc lavas with high Nb and Ta contents have also been reported from the Quaternary southern part of SR (S-SR) (e.g., Volynets et al., 2010; Nekrylov et al., 2018) and Nachikinsky and Hailula volcanoes in the northernmost part of CKD (N-CKD) (Portnyagin et al., 2005), where have the common point that an active Wadati-Benioff zone of the PAC slab is not observed underneath (Gorbatov et al., 1997).
On the other hand, we found a left-lateral strike-slip fault crossing N-SR in NW-SE direction and also found several similar faults in the south side of N-SR. These faults seem to have formed when southeastward trench retreat accompanied with slab rollback occurred due to a recent collision of the “Kronotski Arc terrain” with Kamchatka during 7 to 2 Ma, which extinguished the northern part of the older subduction zone and formed the modern subduction structure (Lander and Shaprio, 2007; Volynets et al., 2010). However, according to the focal mechanisms of the earthquakes that occurred at the northern continental boundary of the Bering (BER) Plate, the BER Plate rotates clockwise about the rotation pole located at 67°N, 176°E (Gordeev et al., 2015). This model suggests that the BER Plate is still subducting from the northern old trench and its convergence rate decreases toward the north, which is consistent with the observation that the number of young (Quaternary) volcanoes in N-SR decreases toward the north. Therefore, the subducted aseismic BER slab beneath N-SR supplied the fluid components to the mantle wedge and caused the arc magmatism in the north beyond the seismically determined PAC slab edge. Two processes can be responsible for supplying a fertile mantle component with high Nb and Ta contents to the northernmost part and backarc area of Kamchatka: 1) a toroidal flow around the northern PAC slab edge and 2) mantle flow from the NW due to the slab rollback in SE direction.