Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC39] Hydrothermal systems of volcanoes

Mon. May 27, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM IC (2F)

convener:Yasuhiro Fujimitsu(Department of Earth Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University), Wataru Kanda(Volcanic Fluid Research Center, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takeshi Ohba(Department of chemistry, School of Science, Tokia University), Chairperson:Yasuhiro Fujimitsu(Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University), Takeshi Ohba, Wataru Kanda

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[SVC39-06] The chemical composition of thermal waters from spring and hot pool at Mt. Iwoyama of Kirishima volcano

*Muga Yaguchi1, Takeshi Ohba2, Kotaro Toyama3, Fukuoka Regional Headquarters JMA4, Kagoshima Meteorological Office JMA4 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, 2.Tokai University, 3.Graduate School of the University of Tokyo, 4.Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:Mt. Iwoyama of Kirishimayama volcano, Thermal water, Chemical composition

Mt. Iwoyama of Kirishima volcanic complex is an active volcano where fumarolic activity restarted in December 2015 at summit crater. After the restart of the fumaroles, volcanic activities at the surface, such as the expansion of fumarolic area, the appearance of thermal springs and water quality changes in springs around Mt Iwoyama have been observed. In April 2018, small phreatic eruptions occurred at the south of the summit and west flank of Mt. Iwoyama, and boiling hot pools have appeared in some of the newly created craters after the eruptions. In this study, the chemical composition of water samples collected from a natural spring site on the west flank of Mt. Iwoyama and hot pools in the newly created craters have been analyzed to obtain information for evaluation of volcanic activity at this mountain.

Between August 2016 to March 2018 (about a month before the eruption), the Cl/SO4 of the spring water increased from 0.07 to 0.9. About a month after the eruption, the ratio increased to 1.6 as of May 2018, and remain between 1.2 and 1.6 since then to January 2019.

Cl/SO4 molar ratio of hot water pool in one of the southern craters was 1.3 in May 2018 and 1.8-2.3 in January 2019. The ratio of hot water pool in the western crater was 1.3 in July 2018, 1.9 in October 2018 and 2.2 in January 2019. The increase of Cl/SO4 molar ratio may be caused by several reasons, for example, the ascent of volatile-rich magma or chemical composition change of volatiles along with the progress of degassing.