Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

U (Union ) » Union

[U-04] Capture the fast process in Earth and planetary science

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 103 (1F)

convener:Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University), Yoshinori Tange(Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute), Chairperson:Takashi Yoshino(Okayama University), Yoshio Kono(愛媛大学地球深部ダイナミクスセンター), Yoshinori Tange

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[U04-10] Tracking dynamical phenomena with X-ray free-electron lasers

★Invited Papers

*Tetsuo Katayama1 (1.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:X-ray free-electron laser, dynamics

X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) provide brilliant X-ray pulses with femtosecond duration and are utilized to track dynamics, which is difficult to capture using synchrotron radiation. In the femtosecond time domain, one can achieve "molecular movie"1-3 with an atomic spatio-temporal resolution by combining XFEL and synchronized optical laser pulses. On the other hand, in the nanosecond time domain, XFELs are utilized to observe irreversible dynamic processes4,5 with the single-shot measurement scheme that can not be performed with synchrotron radiation.
In this presentation, I will talk XFEL properties and research examples at SACLA to discuss the XFEL potentials in Earth and planetary science.

1. T. Katayama et al., submitted.
2. K. H. Kim et al., Nature 518, 385-389 (2015).
3. T. Katayama et al., Struct. Dyn. 3, 034301 (2016).
4. K. H. Kim et al., Science 358, 1589-1593 (2017).
5. E. Nango et al., Science 354, 1552-1557 (2016).