M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences
[M-AG42] CTBT IMS Technologies for Detecting Nuclear Explosion and Their Applications to Earth Science
convener:Ozel Nurcan Meral(Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization), Hiroyuki Matsumoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Noriko Kamaya(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yosuke Naoi(Japan Atomic Energy Agency)
The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) was founded in 1996 in response to the adaption of the Treaty in 1996 by the United Nations General Assembly, which bans nuclear explosions on the Earth's surface, in the atmosphere, underwater and underground. The Treaty has a unique and comprehensive verification regime to make sure that nuclear explosion goes detected. The regime is supported by International Monitoring System (IMS) composed of the four state-of-the-art technologies; 1) Seismic, 2) Hydroacoustic, 3) Infrasound, and 4) Radionuclide, by the International Data Centre (IDC), and by the On-Site Inspections (OSI).
IMS will, when complete, consists of 337 facilities worldwide to monitor the planet for signs of nuclear explosion. Around 90 % of the facilities are operational and sending the data to the IDC in Vienna, Austria.
The huge amount of data collected by the IMS network can be used for other purposes such as civil and scientific applications in addition to detecting nuclear explosions. For example, they can provide Tsunami Warning centers with near real-time information about an underwater earthquake. The data could also help better understand of earthquakes, volcanoes, oceans, climate change, and other issues on our planet.
This session will provide the overview of the IMS, the scientific discussion on each technology, and its outcomes. The session strongly welcomes young scientists and engineers who are interested in four IMS technologies.
*Yoshiyuki Kaneda1,2,3, Narumi Takahashi3,2, Hiroyuki Matsumoto2 (1.Kagawa University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 3.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED))
*Olivier Evrard1, Pierre-Alexis Chaboche1, Rafael Ramon1,2, Anthony Foucher1, J. Patrick Laceby3 (1.Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE, joint laboratory CEA-CNRS-UVSQ), University Paris-Saclay, France, 2.Graduate Program in Soil Science, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 3.Environmental Monitoring and Science Division (EMSD), Alberta Environment and Parks (AEP), Calgary, Alberta, Canada)