JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Session information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC43] Magma crystallization, fragmentation, and their roles on volcanic eruption

convener:Takahiro Miwa(National research institute for earth science and disaster prevention), Satoshi Okumura(Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Pranabendu Moitra(University of Arizona)

Crystallization of magma during magma ascent in the conduit has a large impact on the dynamics of volcanic eruptions. Magma viscosity and brittleness increase with crystallization. This change of rheological properties may cause brittle fragmentation of low-viscosity basaltic magma during highly explosive subplinian and Plinian eruptions. On the other hand, crystallization may form rigid crystal frameworks, causing efficient outgassing through the interaction between the crystal frameworks and growing gas bubbles in ascending magma, resulting in effusive eruptions. This session aims to integrate information of elementary processes to develop physical models of multiphase magma ascent and eruption. In this view, we welcome innovative and multidisciplinary contributions from experimental volcanologists, numerical modelers, petrologists, and also geophysicists who develop and extend techniques to explore crystallization and bubble-crystal interactions, and their effects on fragmentation and outgassing of multiphase magma during effusive and explosive eruptions.

*Tomofumi Kozono1, Hidemi Ishibashi2, Satoshi Okumura3, Takahiro Miwa4 (1.Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Department of Geoscience, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, 3.Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 4.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience)

*Shota Okumura1, Mayumi Mujin2, Akira Tsuchiyama3,4, Akira Miyake1 (1.Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Division of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University, 3.Research Organization of Science and Technology, Ritsumeikan University, 4.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences)