[AAS01-04] Exploring the potential of assimilating lightning flash observations with an ensemble Kalman filter
Keywords:Data assimilation, Numerical Weather Prediction, Lightning
To further improve the accuracy of NWP for severe storms, it would be beneficial to assimilate lightning flash observations from geostationary satellite-borne lightning sensors. Hydrometeors may obtain electric charge via collision processes, and their charge separation depends on the surrounding environment. Therefore, lightning flash observations would reflect microphysical processes and storm development more directly compared to infrared radiance observations by geostationary satellites. This study aims to explore the potential of assimilating the lightning flash observation for improving severe-storm prediction. To do so, we use an ensemble Kalman filter with an NWP model including explicit lightning discharge processes. As the first step, ensemble-based correlations between lightning flash observations and the atmospheric variables are investigated. The results show that the infrared radiance observations do not always detect the location of the convective core due to broad-range anvil clouds, whereas the lightning flash observations are more directly associated with the convective core.