JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS01] High performance computing for next generation weather, climate, and environmental sciences

convener:Hiromu Seko(Meteorological Research Institute), Takemasa Miyoshi(RIKEN), Chihiro Kodama(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Masayuki Takigawa(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[AAS01-08] 100-member ensemble forecast by NICAM to examine forecast bust case Typhoon Krosa (2019)

*Masuo Nakano1, Ying-Wen Chen2, Masaki Satoh2 (1.JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.AORI / The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:ensemble forecast, NICAM, NEXRA, typhoon

Typhoon Krosa formed near the Mariana Islands at 0600 UTC on 6 August 2019 then translated northwest-north northwestward and made landfall western part of Mainland of Japan on 15 August. At the early stage of Krosa’s lifetime, multicenter operational models predicted huge diversity of track: JMA (ECMWF) model predicted Krosa would translate north-northeastward (northwest-north northwestward), thus it would not (would) hit Japan.
To examine why such diversity in predicted tracks occurred, 100-member ensemble forecast experiments were performed using 28-km mesh nonhydrostatic icosahedral atmospheric model (NICAM). The model was initialized with NICAM-LETKF JAXA Research Analysis (NEXRA).
In the experiments initialized at 1200 UTC on 6 August showed large uncertainty of Krosa’s track as predicted in multicenter operational models and the west most simulated tracks captured Krosa’s analyzed track by RSMC Tokyo. An ensemble-based sensitivity analysis revealed that westward extension of subtropical Pacific high led to northwest/north-northwest trajectory. Dependency of initial data and mechanism which caused westward extension of the subtropical high will be discussed at the presentation.