JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS01] High performance computing for next generation weather, climate, and environmental sciences

convener:Hiromu Seko(Meteorological Research Institute), Takemasa Miyoshi(RIKEN), Chihiro Kodama(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Masayuki Takigawa(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[AAS01-P01] Ultra-high Resolution Numerical Weather Simulation and Dependency of Simulated Convective Cells on Model Resolutions

*Tsutao OIZUMI1,2, Kazuo Saito1,3,2, Duc Le1,2, Junshi Ito3,2 (1.The Japan Meteorological Business Support Center, 2.Meteorological Research Institute, 3.The Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute)

Keywords:heavy rainfall simulation, high-resolution model, K computer

This study investigates the impact of a numerical weather prediction model's factors (horizontal resolution and planetary boundary layer schemes (PBL)) on heavy rainfall simulation. The case study is the Hiroshima heavy rain event in August 2014. The model resolutions are 5 km, 2km, 500 m, and 250 m, and the PBL schemes are the Mellor-Yamada-Nakanishi-Niino level3 and the Deardorff scheme.
The higher resolution (500-m and 250-m grid spacing) models reproduced a more accurate location and intensity of the rainband than the lower resolution (5-km and 2-km grid spacing) models. The PBL schemes had a smaller impact on this case.
This study also investigates the dependency of simulated convective cores (CCs) on model resolutions. The local rate of change of the number of CCs with respect to the model resolution has been found to start decreasing at very high resolutions which are around 500-m grid spacing. This implies the number of CCs tends to converge when the resolution goes higher beyond 500 m. In summary, this study has demonstrated the benefit of using a high-resolution model (500-m grid spacing or less).