JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS03] Atmospheric Chemistry in Highly Polluted Environments

convener:Hongliang Zhang(Fudan University), Jianlin Hu(NUIST Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology), Jia Xing(Tsinghua University), Siyu Chen(Lanzhou University)

[AAS03-P13] Modeling the source-receptor relationships in highly polluted regions

*Jia Xing1, Dian Ding1, Shuxiao Wang1, Jim Kelly2, Carey Jang2, Yun Zhu3 (1.Tsinghua University, 2.U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 3.South China University of Technology)

Keywords:air pollution, source-receptor , emission

Efficient prediction of air pollution responses to precursor emissions is a prerequisite for an integrated assessment system in developing effective control policies. Representing the nonlinear response of air pollutants to emissions control with accuracy remains a major challenge for policymakers and modelers. Here, we propose a novel method by applying the deep-learning approach in atmospheric chemical transport model (CTM), and employ the Extended Response Surface Modeling (ERSM) technique to develop response surfaces of PM2.5 and O3 concentrations as a function of pollutant emissions. The proposed method significantly enhances the computational efficiency and practicality by requiring CTM simulations with mean and 95th maximal normalized errors within 5% and 10% across all grid cells. With the newly developed method, we systematically investigate the nonlinear response of PM2.5 and O3 to emissions of multiple pollutants from different sources in three highly polluted regions in China including the Northern China Plain (NCP), Fen-Wei Plain (FWP), and Chuan Yu region (CYR). We found that the effectiveness of NOx controls for reducing PM2.5 and O3 are largely influenced by the ambient levels of NH3 and VOC, exhibiting strong nonlinearities characterized as NH3-limited/-poor and NOx-/VOC-limited conditions, respectively. The contribution from regional sources becomes larger during more polluted episodes, suggesting the importance of joint controls on regional sources for reducing the heavy air pollution.