JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS06] Advances in Tropical Cyclone Research: Past, Present, and Future

convener:Yoshiaki Miyamoto(Faculty of Environment and Information Studies, Keio University), Sachie Kanada(Nagoya University), Akiyoshi Wada(Department of Typhoon and Severe Weather Research, Meteorological Research Institute), Kosuke Ito(University of the Ryukyus)

[AAS06-17] Ageostrophic Winds Associated with a Tropical Cyclone and Northward Moisture Fluxes

*Kazuo Saito1,2,3, Takumi Matsunobu4 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 2.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, 3.Japan Meteorological Business Support Center, 4.University of Tsukuba)

Keywords:Tropcal Cyclone, Ageostrophic wind, pre-typhoon rainfalls (PRE), moisture flux

In Japan, heavy rainfalls often occur when a typhoon exists off the south coast of Japan. This phenomenon is often explained by northward moisture transport by a typhoon, however, ‘northward’ emission from a typhoon violates the relationship of geostrophic wind. These pre-typhoon rainfalls are also known in other countries and called as ‘PRE’, which is enhanced by deep poleward moisture transport ahead of the recurving TC. Saito (2019) examined the origin of the northward winds and explained that the ageostrophic winds are dynamically induced by the acceleration vectors.
In this presentation, based on the numerical experiment by Saito (2019), we show vertical profiles of ageostrophic winds and the associated northward moisture fluxes over a region off the south coast of western Japan.

Saito, K., 2019: On the northward ageostrophic winds associated with a tropical cyclone. SOLA, 15, 222-227.