[AAS07-15] Satellite Cloud Assimilation and its Impact on Air Quality Simulations
Keywords:Air Quality, Satellite Cloud Assimilation, WRF/CMAQ, Biogenic VOC Emission, Ozone Chemistry, Numerical Modeling
In this study, a new technique is used to assimilate derived cloud fields from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The improved meteorological fields, including simulated clouds, are subsequently used for emissions estimates and to drive the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) photochemical model. Based on GOES observations, the assimilation technique dynamically supports cloud formation/dissipation within WRF. The technique uses observations to identify model cloud errors, estimates a target vertical velocity and moisture needed to create/remove clouds, and adjusts the flow field accordingly. The technique was tested in air quality simulation over the period of August-September 2013 (NASA’s Discover-AQ field campaign). The cloud assimilation on the average improved model cloud simulation by 15% over this period. The cloud correction not only improved the spatial and temporal distribution of clouds, but it also improved boundary layer temperature, humidity, and wind speed. These improvements in meteorological fields substantially improved the air quality simulations by altering the biogenic VOC emissions and by correcting the photolysis rates. Cloud correction reduced isoprene and monoterpene emissions over the southeastern U.S. by 10-20% and improved ozone predictions. Ozone bias over the southeastern United States was reduced by 63%. Preliminary results from this activity will be presented.