JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS07] Atmospheric Chemistry

convener:Naoko Saitoh(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing), Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Sakae Toyoda(Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Risa Uchida(Japan Automobile Research Institute)

[AAS07-P19] Seasonal Variation of Wet Deposition of Black Carbon in Arctic Alaska

*Tatsuhiro Mori1, Yutaka Kondo2, Sho Ohata3,4, Yongjing Zhao5, Puna Ram Sinha6, Naga Oshima7, Hitoshi MATSUI8, Nobuhiro Moteki9, Makoto Koike9 (1.Tokyo University of Science, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.Institute for Space–Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 4.Institute for Advanced Research, Nagoya University, 5.Air Quality Research Center, University of California-Davis, 6.Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, 7.Meteorological Research Institute, 8.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 9.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Black carbon, Wet deposition, Arctic, single-particle soot photometer, seasonal variation

Black carbon (BC) aerosol deposited in and onto Arctic snow increases the snow’s absorption of sunlight and accelerates snowmelt. Wet removal of BC from the atmosphere plays a key role in determining its abundance in the Arctic atmosphere and in Arctic snow. However, this process is poorly understood, mainly due to the scarcity of relevant measurements. To reveal characteristic features of the wet deposition of BC, we made highly accurate measurements of mass concentrations of BC in snow and rain (CMBC) and mass concentrations of BC in surface air (MBC) at the Barrow Atmospheric Baseline Observatory, Alaska, from July 2013 to August 2017 and analyzed them along with routinely measured meteorological parameters from Barrow. Monthly mean MBC and CMBC were poorly correlated from midwinter to early spring, when CMBC was close to the annual median while MBC was at its annual peak. Seasonal variations in the altitude distribution of ambient BC concentration may lead to these differences in seasonal variation of MBC and CMBC, as may microphysical processes in mixed phase clouds. About 50% of the annual wet deposition of BC occurred in the three months of summer, associated with high values of total precipitation and BC originating from biomass burning. Size distributions of BC in snow and rain were stable throughout the year, suggesting that the size distribution of BC in the lower troposphere is similarly stable. These observations improve our understanding of the loss processes and hence the BC budget in the Arctic.