JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS07] Atmospheric Chemistry

convener:Naoko Saitoh(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing), Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Sakae Toyoda(Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Risa Uchida(Japan Automobile Research Institute)

[AAS07-P31] Spatiotemporal variations of NO2 over Fukuoka Japan, observed by multiple MAX-DOAS and 3-D coherent Doppler lidar

*Hironobu Ueki1, Hisahiro Takashima2, Martina Michaela Friedrich3 (1.Fukuoka university graduate school, 2.Fukuoka university, 3.Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy)

Keywords:NO2, MAX-DOAS, TROPOMI, doppler lidar

To clarify spatiotemporal variations and transport processes in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) over Fukuoka, an urban area in Japan, continuous NO2 profile observations using Multi Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) with high temporal resolution of four minutes have been conducted since October 2018 at three observatories: Yakuin (33.580°N, 130.396°E), Sohara (33.580°N, 130.356°E) and Fukuoka University (33.550°N, 130.364°E).

We first performed case studies at particular days and observed enhanced NO2 contents above the city center on some days. In the case of 29 November 2018, high NO2 concentrations were observed near the ground in the morning (around 7:00–10:30 am). Higher contents of NO2 appeared gradually at higher altitudes over the urban area, and disappeared at around 13:00–14:00 pm. We investigated a three-dimensional (3-D) wind field observed using a 3-D coherent Doppler lidar installed at Fukuoka University. The NO2 variations were consistent with the wind variation: the airmass with high NO2 concentration was transported upward from near the ground over an urban area; it advected southward (landward) because of a sea breeze in the afternoon.

We also validated the tropospheric NO2 vertical column density (VCD) using the Sentinal-5P/TROPospheric Ozone Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) satellite with MAX-DOAS observations. Results showed that the satellite data are underestimates, as shown in earlier studies (e.g., Kanaya et al., 2014), but large variations exist from 34% to 154%. These results suggest that underestimation can be attributable not only to the shield effect by aerosols near the ground but also to inhomogeneity and transport processes of the NO2 airmass over urban areas.