JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS08] Stratosphere-troposphere interaction

convener:Takatoshi Sakazaki(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Takenari Kinoshita(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Pu Lin(Princeton University/NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory), Peter Hitchcock(Cornell University)

[AAS08-03] Seasonal Prediction Skill of Northern Extratropical Surface Temperature Driven by the Stratosphere

*Liwei Jia1,2, Xiaosong Yang1,2, Gabriel Vecchi3, Richard Gudgel, Thomas Delworth1, Stephan Fueglistaler3, Pu Lin3, Adam Scaife4, Seth Underwood1, Shian-Jiann Lin (1.NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 2.University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 3.Princeton University, 4.Met Office Hadley Centre)

Keywords:seasonal skill, surface temperature, stratosphere

Motivated by the fact that low seasonal prediction skill of surface climate over extratropical land, this study explores the role of the stratosphere as a source of seasonal predictability of surface climate over Northern Hemisphere extratropics both in the observations and climate model predictions. Using GFDL FLOR model, a suite of numerical experiments are set up to isolate the role of the stratosphere in seasonal predictive skill of extratropical near-surface land temperature. We found that most of the lead-0-month spring predictive skill of land temperature over extratropics, particularly over northern Eurasia, stems from stratospheric initialization. We further revealed that this predictive skill of extratropical land temperature arises from skillful prediction of the Arctic Oscillation (AO). The dynamical connection between the stratosphere and troposphere is also demonstrated by the significant correlation between the stratospheric polar vortex and sea level pressure anomalies, as well as the migration of the stratospheric zonal wind anomalies to the lower troposphere.