JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS08] Stratosphere-troposphere interaction

convener:Takatoshi Sakazaki(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Takenari Kinoshita(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Pu Lin(Princeton University/NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory), Peter Hitchcock(Cornell University)

[AAS08-05] Probabilistic skill in seasonal forecasts of stratospheric extreme events

*Peter Hitchcock1, Daniela Domeisen2, Mikhail Dobrynin3, Johanna Baehr4 (1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA, 2.Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 3.Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD), Hamburg, Germany, 4.Institute of Oceanography, Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), University of Hamburg, Germany)

Keywords:Seasonal prediction, Stratospheric sudden warmings

Deterministic forecasts of major mid-winter sudden stratospheric warmings are generally thought to be reliable about two weeks prior to the wind reversal at 60 N, 10 hPa. However, the probability of their occurrence in a given year is thought to be influenced by various slowly-evolving components of the climate system, including the phase of the QBO or of ENSO. This suggests the potential for some predictability in the system at seasonal timescales. Given the importance of such extreme events for surface weather and climate, particularly the subset of sudden warmings known as Polar-night Jet Oscillation events that are associated with extended recovery periods, accurately identifying and exploiting any such predictability would be of value. We report here on the study of a 30-ensemble set of seasonal forecasts from the MPI-ESM seasonal prediction model, initialized each November 1st. This ensemble provides clear statistical evidence that information does exist in the initial conditions of the combined atmosphere, ocean, land-surface system regarding the likelihood of PJO events during the upcoming winter. Moreover, this information is skillful, in that years which were forecast to have an increased likelihood of a stratospheric extreme event are in fact more likely to have exhibited such an event. This skill in forecasting stratospheric events can also be demonstrated to lead to enhanced skill at the surface.