JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS08] Stratosphere-troposphere interaction

convener:Takatoshi Sakazaki(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Takenari Kinoshita(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Pu Lin(Princeton University/NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory), Peter Hitchcock(Cornell University)

[AAS08-P02] Laplace's Atmosphere: An Array of Ringing Modes Discovered in Global Reanalysis Data

*Takatoshi Sakazaki1, Kevin Hamilton2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.International Pacific Research Center and Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Hawai’i at Manoa)

Keywords:Normal mode, Free oscillation, Surface pressure, Reanalysis

We used newly-available ERA-5 hourly global reanalyses to examine the variations of atmospheric circulation on global scales and high frequencies. The space-time spectra of surface pressure displays a typical red background spectrum but also a striking number of isolated peaks. Some peaks represent astronomically forced tides but we show that most peaks are manifestations of the ringing of randomly excited global scale resonant modes. A few such modes have been tentatively identified in earlier observational investigations, but we demonstrate the existence of the full array of normal mode oscillations with periods as short as 2 hours. This is a powerful and uniquely detailed confirmation of the predictions of the theory of global oscillations that has its roots in the work of Laplace two centuries ago.