JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS08] Stratosphere-troposphere interaction

convener:Takatoshi Sakazaki(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Takenari Kinoshita(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Pu Lin(Princeton University/NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory), Peter Hitchcock(Cornell University)

[AAS08-P05] A statistical analysis of the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate estimated from the PMWE spectral width in the Antarctic

*Masashi Kohma1, Kaoru Sato1, Koji Nishimura2, Masaki Tsutsumi2, Toru Sato3 (1.Department of Earth and Planet Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.National Institute of Polar Research and The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Tokyo, Japan, 3.Institute for Liberal Arts and Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)

Keywords:Mesosphere, Turbulent energy dissipation rate, Polar Mesosphere Winter Echoes, MST radar

The radar volume reflectivity and turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate in the Antarctic mesosphere have been estimated from the polar mesosphere winter echoes (PMWE) using a vertical beam of the PANSY radar, which is a Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere radar, at Syowa Station (69°S, 40°E) over four years. The radar volume reflectivity exhibits a lognormal distribution in the range of 2×10-18–5×10-15 m-1 for a height region of 55–82 km. The turbulent energy dissipation rate estimated from the spectral width of the PMWE ranges from 3×10-5–3×10-1 m2s-3. From monthly histograms of the turbulent energy dissipation rate for a fixed solar zenith angle and altitude, it is revealed that the summer-to-winter transition of the turbulent energy dissipation rate occurs in March, while the winter-to-summer transition occurs in September. This seasonal variation accords well with that of gravity wave activity, suggesting that the turbulence in the mesosphere is likely caused by the gravity wave breaking.