JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS10] Land-Atmosphere interactions and precipitation variations over the Asian monsoon region.

convener:Hiroshi G. Takahashi(Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Hirokazu Endo(Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency), Shiori Sugimoto(JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hatsuki Fujinami(Nagoya University)

[AAS10-P03] Numerical simulations of precipitation in high altitude Himalaya mountainous area by using JMA-NHM

*Akihiro Hashimoto1, Masashi Niwano1, Hatsuki Fujinami2, Akiko Sakai3, Koji Fujita3 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 3.Graduate School of Environmental studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Cloud resolving model, Himalaya, Seasonal simulation

Precipitation over high altitude Himalaya mountain area has a large influence to the mass balance of glaciers and the water discharge of rivers originating from there, which is an important factor not only in the water resource management but also the disaster mitigation for the countries in the watersheds. Although efforts have been made to reveal the temporal and spatial change of precipitation, its hydrological impacts, and related processes, they are not yet fully understood.

The authors have performed simulations to estimate annual precipitation amount in Himalaya's high altitude and the surrounding areas by using Japan Meteorological Agency Non-Hydrostatic Model (JMA-NHM), and additional simulations to examine the sensitivity to a topography smoothing technique, horizontal resolution and turbulence parameterization scheme. At first, we tested to relax the limitation of land surface slope angle to allow it to be up to 30 %, while the original threshold is 10 %, which is one of topography smoothing techniques for numerical stability of simulation. This did not much affect the simulation results. The simulations with the 5 km horizontal resolution tended to displace the major precipitation area toward the mountainside and to underestimate the precipitation on the plane in the summer season, compared with the observed precipitation amount provided by the Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation (GSMaP), while the simulations with the 1 km horizontal resolution showed better agreement with the observation. Regarding the turbulence parameterization, Deardorff's scheme produced more precipitation on the plane than Mellor-Yamada's scheme in the summer season. In the presentation, we will also show the simulation results on annual and seasonal precipitation amounts in the several glacier catchments.

This study is partly supported by the Joint Research Program with Swiss National Science Foundation “High elevation precipitation in High Mountain Asia” of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JPSP). The computation was performed in part on the FX100 supercomputer system at the Information Technology Center, Nagoya University.