JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG47] Global Carbon Cycle Observation and Analysis

convener:Kazuhito Ichii(Chiba University), Prabir Patra(Research Institute for Global Change, JAMSTEC), Forrest M. Hoffman(Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Makoto Saito(National Institute of Environmental Studies)

[ACG47-06] Diagnosing Climate–Carbon Cycle Feedbacks Constrained by ILAMB

*Forrest M. Hoffman1,2, Nathan Collier1, Mingquan Mu3, Cheng-En Yang2, Gretchen Keppel-Aleks4, David M. Lawrence5, Charles D. Koven6, William J. Riley6, James T. Randerson3 (1.Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2.University of Tennessee Knoxville, 3.University of California Irvine, 4.University of Michigan, 5.National Center for Atmospheric Research, 6.Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

Keywords:land surface model, carbon cycle, CMIP6, ILAMB

Better representation of biogeochemistry–climate feedbacks and ecosystem processes in Earth system models (ESMs) are essential for reducing uncertainties associated with projections of climate change during the remainder of the 21st century and beyond. Model–data intercomparison and integration activities are required to inform improvement of land carbon cycle models and the design of new measurement campaigns aimed at reducing uncertainties associated with key land surface processes. The International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) Package was designed to facilitate systematic and comprehensive model–data intercomparison and improve understanding of factors influencing model fidelity. We used ILAMB to benchmark and intercompare terrestrial carbon cycle models coupled within ESMs used to conduct historical simulations for the Fifth and Sixth Phases of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5 and CMIP6). Results indicate that the suite of CMIP6 land models exhibits better performance than the suite of CMIP5 land models in comparison with observations for a variety of biogeochemical, hydrological, and energy-related variables. To test the hypothesis that the multi-model range of climate–carbon cycle feedback strengths from more realistic models would diverge less over time, we calculated and compared the ranges of concentration–carbon and climate–carbon sensitivity parameters and the trajectories of land carbon uptake from CMIP5 and CMIP6 models. Since the multi-model means of both the CMIP5 and CMIP6 land models performed better across most variables than any single model that contributed to the means, we also calculated the CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model mean feedback sensitivities and uptake trajectories. In an attempt to further reduce uncertainties in carbon cycle projections, we used the ILAMB benchmark performance scores to weight model contributions to the CMIP5 and CMIP6 multi-model means for land carbon uptake and related variables and compared them with observationally constrained estimates for the historical period.