[ACG48-05] Using UAVs and deep learning techniques to detect invasive species in forests and wetlands
Keywords:detection, deep learning, invasive species, UAV
The possibility for this detection is offered by conducting automatic field surveys. We used Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), which have become an effective tool in several forestry application. These easy-to-use and cheap tools are able to gather images with a high resolution. Together with image orthomosaics and deep learning techniques in combination with transfer learning we researched the detection of invasive species.
In order to explore the practical use of deep learning tools for detection applications in forestry we chose two practical problems of interest in Japan and Germany. Our first study site is located in the Shonai plains in north-eastern Japan. It is a coastal forest composed of evergreen monoculture of pine trees which is invaded by black locust trees. Pine trees were planted to protect the villages from storms and wind erosions. Since the black pine is a deciduous tree it is able to weaken the function of the forest. The second study site is a wetland located Germany in the north of Hannover. Since 1933 blueberries are commercially planted but since a few decades they are invading into sensible ecosystems. In wetlands like the Lichtenmoor the plants can influence processes and the displacement of endangered species.
We will provide an effective tool to detect invasive species. Our approach is adaptable, easy and fast and can be applied in a large-scale and for long-term monitoring.