JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG48] Projection and detection of global environmental change

convener:Michio Kawamiya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kaoru Tachiiri(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiroaki Tatebe(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), V Ramaswamy(NOAA GFDL)

[ACG48-07] Toward marine ecosystem prediction with a global ESM

★Invited Papers

*Jong-yeon Park1, Charles A. Stock2, John P. Dunne2, Xiaosong Yang2, Anthony Rosati2 (1.Jeonbuk National University (JBNU), 2.Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL))

Keywords:Earth system prediction, Biogeochemical model, Earth system model

Earth system models (ESMs) are vital tools to understand and predict Earth’s interacting physical-biogeochemical system. Efforts to extend current physical climate predictions to global marine biogeochemistry predictions using ESMs, however, have been hampered by uncertainties in the model and initialization procedures. This study shows that newly developed ESM-based marine biogeochemical predictions can skillfully predict satellite-derived seasonal to multiannual chlorophyll fluctuations in many regions. Prediction skill arises from successfully simulating the chlorophyll response to the El Nino-Southern Oscillation and capturing the reemergence of subsurface nutrient anomalies by winter mixing, which subsequently affect spring and summer chlorophyll concentrations. Further investigations of the utility of biogeochemical predictions show that annual fish catches in large coastal ecosystems are significantly predictable up to 1-2 year in advance, suggesting a role for ESM-based marine biogeochemical predictions in dynamic marine resource management efforts.