JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG51] Satellite Earth Environment Observation

convener:Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Global Environmental Research and Satellite Observation Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

[ACG51-18] Ensemble-Based Data Assimilation of GPM/DPR Reflectivity into the Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model NICAM

*Shunji Kotsuki1, Koji Terasaki2, Masaki Satoh3, Takemasa Miyoshi2 (1.Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University, 2.RIKEN Center for Computational Science, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:GPM DPR, NICAM-LETKF, Data Assimilation, Cloud Microphysics

This study aims to improve the precipitation forecasts from numerical weather prediction models through effective assimilation of satellite-observed precipitation data. The assimilation of precipitation data is known to be difficult mainly due to highly non-Gaussian statistics of precipitation-related variables. We have been developing a global atmospheric data assimilation system NICAM-LETKF, which comprises the Nonhydrostatic ICosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM) and Local Ensemble Transform Kalman Filter (LETKF). Using the NICAM-LETKF system, Kotsuki et al. (2017, JGR) successfully improved the weather forecasts by assimilating the Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency (JAXA)’s Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation (GSMaP) data into the NICAM at 112-km horizontal resolution. However, assimilating space-borne precipitation radar data remains to be a challenging issue.
This study pioneers to assimilate radar reflectivity measured by the Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR) onboard the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) core satellite into the NICAM. We conduct the NICAM-LETKF experiments at 28-km horizontal resolution with explicit cloud microphysics of a single-moment 6-class bulk microphysics scheme. To simulate GPM/DPR reflectivity from NICAM model outputs, the Joint-Simulator (Hashino et al. 2013; JGR) is used. Our initial tests showed a better match with the observed reflectivity by assimilating GPM/DPR reflectivity into NICAM forecasts. However, the results from a 1-month data assimilation cycle experiment showed general degradation by assimilating GPM/DPR reflectivity. For better use of GPM/DPR reflectivity data, we are exploring to estimate model cloud physics parameters for terminal velocity by data assimilation. Parameter sensitivity experiments revealed that using a parameter of slower snowfall made contoured frequency by altitude diagrams (CFADs) closer to GPM/DPR observations. The parameter of slower snowfall also improved temperature and humidity fields in the mid- to lower troposphere. This presentation will include the most recent progress up to the time of the conference.