[ACG58-05] Abundances of black carbon and iron oxide aerosols over East Asia and the Arctic from the aircraft measurements
Keywords:aircraft measurement, black carbon, iron, East Asia, Arctic
In these campaigns, > 80% of FeOx-containing aerosols in the 170–270 nm size range had microphysical features indicating an anthropogenic origin. The mass concentrations of FeOx were ~100–400 ng/m3 in East Asia (A-FORCE 2009 and 2013W) but as low as ~5 ng/m3 in the Arctic (PAMARCMiP 2018); the corresponding values for BC were ~300–1000 ng/m3 in East Asia and ~25 ng/m3 in the Arctic. Despite these large variabilities in mass concentration, the mass ratios of FeOx/BC had a narrow range within ~0.2–0.5. In all observations, FeOx, BC, and carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations were strongly correlated with each other. These results indicate that FeOx, BC, and CO were emitted in nearly the same areas with similar emission ratios.
In the two East Asian campaigns (A-FORCE 2009 and 2013W), BC mass concentrations tended to decrease with altitude, but there was no such tendency in the Arctic campaign (PAMARCMiP 2018); the peak in BC concentration in PAMARCMiP 2018 locates at the highest altitude (~5 km), which might be contributed from emissions in lower-latitude sources.
The FeOx/BC mass concentration ratios tended to increase with altitude in the A-FORCE 2009 and 2013W datasets from East Asia. This result might be due to an increased contribution of FeOx-containing mineral dust at higher altitudes. In contrast, this ratio tended to decrease with increasing altitude in the Arctic dataset (PAMARCMiP 2018). The altitude dependence of the particle-size distribution of FeOx in the PAMARCMiP 2018 dataset shows that, in contrast to the A-FORCE 2009 and 2013W campaign, large FeOx particles (>1 µm) were not observed in high altitudes. These contrasts between the East Asian and Arctic regions might reflect differences in the fractional contribution of windblown mineral dust particles from desert regions and in the effect of wet removal processes during the transport of FeOx from its source regions.
Abundances of BC and FeOx using the dataset obtained from ground measurements in addition to aircraft measurements will also be discussed in the presentation.