JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG59] Biogeochemical linkages between the surface ocean and atmosphere

convener:Sohiko Kameyama(Hokkaido University), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University), Maki Aita Noguchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Daisuke Sasano(Japan Meteorological Agency)

[ACG59-01] Tracing sources and behaviors of excess methane in the Ise Bay water by using stable isotopes as tracers

*HUI LAN1, Urumu Tsunogai1, Fumiko Nakagawa1, Masanori Ito1, Yuko Miyoshi1, Shuichi Hara1 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:coastal marine areas, methane, material circulation, biochemistry

Methane (CH4) is a major greenhouse gas and can have a significant impact on global climate change. Coastal marine areas are often rich in CH4 and are known as one of the major sources of atmospheric CH4, but their sources (where are they formed?) and their behaviors (whether they are released to the atmosphere or oxidized?) have not been fully understood yet. For example, it is known that marine sediments in the coastal areas are reductive and the production of CH4 proceeds actively, but the river water, which flowing into the coastal areas, are also rich in methane. So the sources and behaviors of the coastal areas are not fully understood. In order to understand the impact of the marine environment on current and future global environmental and climate changes, it is extremely important to elucidate the sources and behaviors of methane in coastal oceans and accurately estimate the fluxes of methane between the oceans and the atmosphere, including time-varying changes.

In this study, we measured the concentration of dissolved CH4 and stable isotope ratios (δ13C and δD) of the water column, the interstitial water of sediments in the Ise Bay and Mikawa Bay and the inflowing rivers (Kiso, Nagara and Yahagi River). Using the stable isotope ratio as an indicator, we tried to clarify the origins of CH4 and its behaviors in the aquatic environments. Sampling was performed in each of 2012, 2013, 2016, 2017 and 2019.

As a result, the maximum concentration of CH4 (60 to 299 nmol/kg) was observed in the surface water near the estuaries of the main inflow rivers in the Ise Bay, and the supersaturation rate could reach 2700% to 13000%. The isotope ratio of CH413C: -60 to -56 ‰, δD: -215 to -190 ‰) in the surface water of Ise Bay is almost as the same as the isotope ratio of CH413C: -57 ‰, δD: -206 ‰) in the inflow rivers. Therefore, the maximum concentration of CH4 which was observed in the surface layer of the Ise Bay is derived from the inflowing rivers, and the oxidation of CH4 in the water column is negligible. Consequently, the concentration of supersaturated CH4 that has flowed in from the river has decreased due to either dilution or release to the atmosphere. Since the CH4 emission flux to the atmosphere of the Ise Bay was calculated to be 3.2 to 52.3 × 103 mol / d, which is almost consistent with the CH4 inflow flux from the inflowing river to Ise Bay (4.3 to 73.4 × 103 mol / d). That is to say, the most of the CH4 flowing from the river into Ise Bay was released to the atmosphere immediately after flowing. In conclusion, it is important to clarify the origin and behavior of CH4 in inflowing river water in considering the amount of CH4 released into the atmosphere in coastal areas.