[ACG59-05] Origin of marine atmospheric water-soluble organic aerosols at a high-altitude observatory, Reunion Island in the tropical Indian Ocean
Keywords:marine atmospheric aerosols, water-soluble organic carbon, marine boundary layer, free troposphere, OVOC
To investigate the role of tropical oceans in the formation of atmospheric organic aerosols, size-segregated aerosol sampling was conducted for the first time at the Maïdo observatory (2,200m a.s.l) in Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean. Aerosol samples were continuously collected in daytime and nighttime, which corresponded to ambient conditions of the marine boundary layer (MBL) and free troposphere (FT), respectively, during March 15–May 24, 2018. Off-line chemical analysis of submicrometer and supermicrometer water-soluble aerosols, which are important for cloud formation, was made using the aerosol samples. In particular, stable carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) (δ13CWSOC) was measured for the source apportionment.
The analysis showed that organic matter was the dominant component of the submicrometer aerosol (46±23% in MBL) during the first half of the study period (March 15–April 24; wet season), whereas sulfate dominated (60±19% in MBL) during the latter half (April 24–May 24; dry season) in the absence of volcanic-plume influence. δ13CWSOC together with significant positive correlations of WSOC with methanesulfonic acid (MSA) and ozone suggested that most of WSOC in the submicrometer aerosols were secondary products originated from marine biogenic sources under the MBL condition during the wet season. On the other hand, WSOC under the FT conditions were dominated by the influence of terrestrial biogenic sources throughout the entire period, which was suggested by δ13CWSOC and biogenic tracer compounds. Overall, the impact of organic matter originated from marine surface is suggested to be confined within the MBL, which might be important for the formation of low-level cloud particularly during the wet season in this oceanic region.