JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW30] Hydrology & Water Environment

convener:Ayumi Kotani(Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Masahiro Tanoue(School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo)

[AHW30-22] Effect of precipitation on interannual variability of permafrost active layer thickness at larch forests in eastern Siberia

*Ayumi Kotani1, Tetsuya Hiyama2, Taro Nakai3, Takeshi Yamazaki4, Trofim Maximov5 (1.Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, 2.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 3.School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, 4.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 5.Institute for Biological Problems of Cryolithozone)

Seasonal freeze and thaw cycle of permafrost active layer in terrestrial ecosystem depends on both climate and physical characteristics of the vegetation cover and active layer soils. This study investigated interannual variability of active layer thickness with focus on effect of precipitation and accordingly soil water in the active layer. We analyzed two field data obtained at two larch-dominated forests mixed with birch and willow, in the southern and middle parts of the Lena basin. One is the Spasskaya Pad station (SP) on alluvial terrace near Yakutsk (62° 15´N, 129° 14´E). The other is Elgeeii (EG) station (60° 0´N, 133° 49´E) located at erosional plain, 300 km southeast of Yakutsk. Reflecting different geographical location. Sensitivity of active layer thickness was tested with the land surface model.

Based on continuous measurement of soil temperature and water, we found difference of temperature and its seasonal pattern is larger in freezing period than thawing period. Soils at EG freeze slower with longer zero curtain period, especially in the deeper layer. Length of the zero curtain period depends on soil water. Therefore, the minimum temperature was higher and recorded in one month later at EG, compared to SP site. As a result, the difference in soil temperature just before thawing is higher at EG. Deeper snow accumulation at EG also could act as insulation to impede decreasing temperature. In contrast, the difference in temperature during thawing period was small. In spite of the lower temperature before thawing at SP, higher penetrating solar radiation to the forest floor and thinner organic accumulation layer could promote energy input into the active layer. Dependency of seasonal thawing speed on the soil water was complicated, compared to the freezing period. Although the wetter soil condition promoted thawing because of high thermal conductivity, these relationships was unclear close to the ground surface, in which the air and surface temperature dominates thawing speed in the drier soil condition.

This work was carried out by ArCS (Arctic Challenge for Sustainability) project and joint research program for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University.