JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS20] Coastal physical processes associated with mixing, eddies, and internal waves

convener:Taira Nagai(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Eisuke Tsutsumi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Eiji Masunaga(Ibaraki University)

[AOS20-06] Observations of vertical mixing and sediment heat flux in a shallow lake

*Eiji Masunaga1, Shunsuke Komuro2, Tatsumi Kitamura2 (1.Ibaraki University, 2.Ibaraki Kasumigaura Environmental Science Center)

Keywords:mixing, Heat flux, Coastal areas

This study presents observational results of vertical mixing and heat budget in a shallow lake, Lake Kasumigaura, Japan, during summer season. Coastal seas and lakes are known as important areas for material, heat and buoyancy exchanges between lands and oceans. A recent study of Masunaga and Komuro (2019, Limnology) reported that the sediment heat flux is not negligible and it influences vertical mixing in a shallow lake. However, mixing observations in shallow areas are limited due to difficulty in microstructure surveys. We carried out observations to estimate the vertical eddy diffusivity with a newly developed method using the Ellison scale from high frequency temperature mooring arrays (Ivey et al., 2018, JGR: Oceans). The estimated eddy diffusivity well matches to the gradient Richardson number (Ri), thus, the vertical mixing can be simply inferred from Ri in the study area. In addition, the daily averaged Ri is highly correlated with the Monin-Obukhov length scale and the internal Froude number. The sediment temperature at 0.2 m below the sediment-water interface was approximately 1.5 degrees lower than the water temperature at the lake bottom (0.2 m above the interface), which implies the heat flux toward sediments. The sensible sediment heat flux (Hsed) was estimated using the bulk method with consideration of Ri (viz, the Stanton number decreases with increasing in Ri (Louis, 1979)). Hsed is consistent with the surface residual heat flux (HR) (HR is the residual heat flux component computed by a difference between water temperature from observations and from the surface heat flux parameterization). The correlation between the daily averaged Hsed and HR is 0.84. Therefore, stability/mixing and the sediment heat flux have to be considered to estimate the heat budget in the lake water. We suggest that the sediment heat flux controlled by mixing largely affects physical processes in shallow coastal lakes and ocean.