JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS24] Exploring new frontiers of oceanic mixing research in the next decade

convener:Toshiyuki Hibiya(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Ichiro Yasuda(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Lakshmi Kantha(Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA)

[AOS24-17] Flow-topography interaction within the Kuroshio and energy dissipation: observation and numerical simulation in the Tokara Strait south-west of Japan and the I-Lan Ridge east of Taiwan

*Eisuke Tsutsumi1, Takeshi Matsuno2, Takeyoshi Nagai3, Daisuke Hasegawa4, Hirohiko Nakamura5, Ayako Nishina5, Tomoharu Senjyu2, Takahiro Endoh2, Ming-Huei Chang6, Yiing Jang Yang6, Sen Jan6, Sachihiko Itoh1, Xinyu Guo7 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, 3.Department of Ocean Sciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4.Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, 5.Faculty of Fisheries, Kagoshima University, 6.Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, 7.Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University)

The Kuroshio is the western boundary current constituting a part of North Pacific sub-tropical gyre, which carries heat and materials from low- to mid- latitude ocean. There are many small-scale topographic features such as small islands, seamounts, and shallow ocean ridges in the route of the Kuroshio. In recent years, interaction of western boundary currents with small-scale topography draws increasing attention because it can dissipate significant fraction of the wind-driven large-scale energy and the associated turbulent mixing could promote ocean biological productivity. In the Kuroshio, recent microstructure surveys have revealed that the Kuroshio interaction with small-scale topography induces strong turbulent mixing through hydraulic control, boundary-layer shear instabilities, internal waves and submesoscale vortices. However, the energy pathways to dissipation have not been identified yet. In this study, we investigate energy dissipation processes of the Kuroshio in the Tokara Strait south-west of Japan and in the I-Lan Ridge east of Taiwan, where the Kuroshio strongly interacts with small-scale shallow topographies. Shipboard surveys with microstructure profiler revealed that in both area, turbulent kinetic energy dissipation rate was elevated to O(10-5) W kg-1 at a shallow sill (water depth < 100 m) associating with hydraulic control and shear instability. High-resolution numerical model simulation forced by the Kuroshio and barotropic tides successfully reproduced the observed nature of flow and turbulent dissipation at the sill and it suggests that O(1) GW of the Kuroshio energy is directly dissipated or converted to super-inertial energy.