JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS28] Physical Oceanography (General)

convener:Yoshimi Kawai(Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kitade Yujiro(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology)

[AOS28-03] Poleward shift of the southern boundary of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current off East Antarctica

*Kaihe Yamazaki1,2, Shigeru Aoki2, Daisuke Hirano2, Katsuro Katsumata3, Yoshihiro Nakayama2 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University , 3.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Southern Ocean, Antarctic Circumpolar Current, Circumpolar Deep Water

The subpolar cyclonic circulation in the Southern Ocean connects offshore warm water and inshore cold water and is vital for the Antarctic climate. Comparison of 5 cross-slope hydrographic sections between 1996 and 2018/19 in the Australian-Antarctic Basin revealed a systematic poleward shift (30-80 km) of the southern boundary of Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) which is defined by the 1.5 °C isotherm of Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW). Historical data suggest that this change is decadal rather than interannual. Due to the poleward shift, temperature anomaly by up to +1 °C occurred in the upper CDW layer in the proximity of the southern boundary of the ACC. Deepening of the isopycnal of bottom water coincides with the poleward shift of the southern boundary, implying the influence of the poleward frontal shift offshore. The poleward shift of the southern boundary is not zonally homogeneous. The topographic feature which controls the cyclonic circulation is the most likely explanation for the locality.