JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-BG Biogeosciences & Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

[B-BG02] Interaction between Life, Water, Mineral, and Atmosphere

convener:Yuichiro Ueno(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takeshi Kakegawa(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Ken Takai(Extremobiosphere Research Center, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science & Technology), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

[BBG02-11] A Process Model of Natural Attenuation of Heavy Metals in a Stream Contaminated by Acid Mine Drainage from Artisanal Gold Mining in Cambodia

*Sereyroith Tum1, Tsutomu Sato2, Tatsuya Matsui1, Sitha Kong3, Yoko Ohtomo2, Ryosuke Kikuchi2, Tsubasa Otake2 (1.Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, 060-8628, Sapporo, Japan , 2.Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, 060-8628, Sapporo, Japan, 3.Geology Department, Ministry of Mine and Energy, 12210, Phnom Penh, Cambodia)

Keywords:Natural attenuation, Surface complexion modelling , Adsorption

A geochemical modelling was implemented to understand the chemical behaviors on the natural attenuation of artisanal gold mining in Cambodia. Wastewater from the mine site rich of As, Se, Mn, and Fe concentration with pH 2.7 was discharged into a small stream nearby which is a tributary to the main river; Prek Te. In the dry season, the stream water was highly polluted. On the other hand, in the rainy season, the heavy metals concertation decreased to less than the WHO drinking water standard without any treatment before mixing with the main river. Schwertmannite is a major mineral precipitated on the stream bed when the pH in the stream increases from 2.8 in the dry season to 3.5 in the rainy season due to other input sources included rainwater and its small tributaries water. The dilution factor and surface complexation model of the contaminated stream was conducted to represent the stream condition in reality. Schwertmannite was used as an adsorbent for the surface complexation model for different pH to see the effectiveness of the sorption process. As and Se were effectively reduced by co-precipitation and adsorption by schwertmannite at pH 3.5 while Mn decreased by water dilution. Based on the natural attenuation process the water quality remediation in the dry season is suggested to increase pH to 3.5 before the stream water mixing with the main river.