[BBG02-P09] Screening of Genes from Subseafloor Sediments and Co-Rich Ferromanganese crust Using Substrate-induced Gene Expression (SIGEX) Method.
Keywords:SIGEX, South Pacific Gyre, Takuyo-Daigo seamount
In this study, we applied SIGEX method to metagenomes of ultra-oligotrophic South Pacific Gyre (SPG) subseafloor sediment samples and covalt-rich ferromanganese crust from Dakuyo-Daigo seamount. In SPG sample, we tested substrates of methane, sodium acetate, or manganese chloride as inducing compounds, and isolated in total 87 induction-positive clones. We then performed DNA sequencing on 72 clones (CH4: 13, CH3COONa: 52, MnCl2: 7). On the other sample, we tested substrates of sodium formate, manganese chloride, manganese sulfate, cobalt chloride, nickel chloride, sodium tangstate, and others metallic ions. We isolated in total 58 induction-positive clones and the inserted sequences of 42 clones were determined (HCOONa: 5, MnCl2: 10, MnSO4: 8, Na2WO4: 14, CoCl2: 2, FeCl2(Ⅱ), NiCl2, Na2MoO4:1). Through database search, we often encountered to the situation that the sequence in induction-positive clones show low similarity to the sequences in the database. One of the notable characteristics for the sequences was that there were highly frequent observation of inverted repeat sequences that we similarly identified in previous studies2,3, but the fragment that we isolated from Takuyo-Daigo seamount didn’t have these sequence. We will discuss the results of databases search and functional prediction analyses using available tools for the 114 sequences. The linkage between gene-induction response and gene fragments found in this study indicates that there is still a large room of the unknown genetic function to be explored in the environmental metagenomes.
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2)Futagami T et al., (2013) Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci., 368, 20120249.
3)Wakamatsu T et al., (2018) J. Appl. Microbiol., 125, 1396-1407.