[BCG06-P04] Geochemical constraints on the Earth environment after the Lomagundi Event;The Cape Smith belt, Canada
Keywords:Paleoproterozoic, Organic carbon isotope
Two core samples consisting of sandstone–black shale alternations were drilled at the Cape Smith belt, Canada (4G8069 and 718.3333). These two drilling points are 10 km off each other. Sedimentary sequences composing a part of 4G8069 and 718.3333 are regarded as Povungnituk Group sediments which were deposited on the continental margin of the Superior at about 1.96 Ga (St-Onge & Lucas, 1990). Komatiitic lava overlying the sandstone–black shale sequence is observed at the top of the 4G8069 core. 718.3333 core also contains komatiitic lava, but the lava is observed ~100 m above our sampling intervals. Microscopic observation revealed that the black shales are rich in organic matter and pyrrhotite which origin is likely to sedimentary pyrite generated by bacterial sulfate reduction.
δ13Corg values of the 4G8069 core range from −32.0 ‰ to −29.5 ‰ and show systematic changes. Two carbon isotope excursions (CIEs) are identified from the 4G8069 core: CIE 1) the gradual increase from bottom of the sequence (−32.0 ‰) to 45 m point (−29.5 ‰), CIE 2) the gradual decrease between 45 m and 50 m (−32.1 ‰), and subsequent increase toward the top (−31.0 ‰). CIE is also observed in the 718.3333 core, which shows gradual decrease from −30.6 ‰ to −33.2 ‰, and subsequent increase toward −31.9 ‰.
CIE 1 of the 4G8069 core could be comparable with CIE of the 718.3333 core based on ~100 m distance from the komatiitic lava. Therefore, it is plausible that CIEs occurred at least twice after the Lomagundi Event. There are two possibilities for the trigger of the CIEs: (1) volcanic activities or (2) oxidative weathering could cause CIEs.
Lyons, TW, Reinhard, CT, and Planavsky, NJ, 2014, The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere: Nature, v. 506, p.307-315.
St-Onge, MR, and Lucas, SB, 1990, Evolution of the Cape Smith Belt: Early Proterozoic continental underthrusting, ophiolite obduction and thick-skinned folding. In The Early Proterozoic Trans-Hudson Orogen of North America, v. 37, p. 313-351.