JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT04] Biomineralization and Geochemistry of Proxies

convener:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung), Hiroshi Kitazato(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT)), Kotaro Hirose(Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University)

[BPT04-04] Foraminiferal calcification, CO2, precipitation rates and element incorporation

*Lennart Jan de Nooijer1, Takashi Toyofuku2, Esmee Geerken1, Gert-Jan Reichart1 (1.Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, 2.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:foraminifera, biomineralization

Ongoing burning of fossil fuels increases atmospheric CO2, elevates marine dissolved CO2 and decreases pH and the saturation state with respect to calcium carbonate. Intuitively this should decrease the ability of CaCO3-producing organisms to build their skeletons and shells. The response of foraminifera to changes in [CO2] is shown to be contradictory, which may result from their calcification strategy. Here we show that foraminifera form their calcium carbonate by active proton pumping. This elevates the internal pH and acidifies the direct foraminiferal surrounding. This also creates a strong pCO2 gradient and facilitates the uptake of DIC in the form of carbon dioxide. This finding uncouples saturation state from calcification and predicts that the added carbon due to ocean acidification will promote calcification by these organisms. In addition, a series of experiments was conducted to determine the preciptation rate at which foraminifera produce their calcite. These rates are relatively high and may explain, together with their ability to regulate their internal pH, the incorporation mechanism of elements during biomineralization.