[HCG21-04] Consideration on the technique of landscape formation in Japanese garden
Keywords:Landscape formation of Japanese garden, Syakkei (Borrowed scenery), Syukukei(Nature-modeling), Daimyo garden
A pond with an island in the temple where the nobles live, and a flow that flows into the pond "Shinndenndukuri garden". A pond with an island in the temple where the nobles live, and a flow that flows into the pond "Jyoudosiki garden". "Karesansui" is a garden style that expresses the flow and the ocean with stones and sand without using water. The"Shoin-style garden" is a place where ponds and Nakajima are placed in a limited range and direction of the line of sight from the room to represent famous places in Japan.One of the most comprehensive garden styles that incorporates the traditional garden style during the Edo period was the ”K aiyuusiki Garden" where you can stroll around the pond and enjoy the changinag landscape. This is the so-called “Daimyo Garden”.With the change of the times, Japanese gardens have also created garden styles that reflect the times.However, what does not change consistently is that it is a garden that reflects the natural landscape, incorporating the natural landscape.There are several types of Japanese gardens, but the style of the garden, which captures the natural scenery in the garden, is a characteristic of Japanese gardens.
Therefore, this time, we consider how to reproduce the natural scenery in the garden, taking the case of a daimyo garden, which can be said to be a comprehensive garden style that incorporates various styles of a Japanese garden, as a case study.
The following three are considered to be the main garden techniques for forming landscapes in Japanese gardens.The first is the Syukukei" ( Nature-modeling). This is a technique of pruning the tree to make it smaller while leaving it as if it were a large tree, or a method of reproducing beautiful landscapes in the garden using perspective. The second is "Syakukei"(borrowed scenery). In this method, the landscape of the garden is integrated with the natural scenery that is the background by incorporating the scenery of the distant mountains and forests into the garden. The third is a "Mitate"( model). A method to compose a landscape of a garden by comparing the hills, stone groups, trees, etc. in the garden with other objects. Japanese gardens mainly use these techniques to create landscapes in the gardens.
This time, I will examine what kind of technology the actual Japanese garden forms with the landscape using the case of Koishikawa Korakuen, a nationally designated special historic spot, and Rikugien, a nationally designated special scenic spot. It shall be.