JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-SC Social Earth Sciences & Civil/Urban System Sciences

[H-SC07] CCUS (Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilization, and Storage) for Climate Mitigation

convener:Masao Sorai(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ziqiu Xue(Research Institute of Innovative Tech for the Earth), Masaatsu Aichi(Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo), Yoshihiro Konno(The University of Tokyo)

[HSC07-08] Vertical Self-Potential (SP) monitoring in Tomakomai CCS demonstration site, Hokkaido

*Takuya Horikawa1, Tsuneo Ishido1, Yuji Nishi1 (1.CO2 Geological Storage Research Group, GREEN, GSJ, AIST)

Keywords:Self Potential, CCS, Simulation

In the geological CO2 storage and geothermal exploration, it is important to monitor the changes of subsurface fluid for a long time. We have developed passive monitoring system combining gravity method, self-potential (SP) method and elevation change, and this system was applied practically on several CCS and geothermal fields. These passive exploration methods have the advantages of cost and operation compared to the active methods (e.g., seismic reflection method), but the passive methods are required to detect the tiny signal induced by the reservoir condition changes (Alnes et al. 2011, Nishi & Ishido 2012). Especially, the change of soil moisture and water table level due to rainfall disturbs gravity and SP measurements, and the signal of perturbation is known to be as much as the one of the reservoir changes (Kazama & Okubo 2009, Matsushima et al. 2017). For high-precision gravity and SP monitoring, evaluating the influences of rainfall infiltration is indispensable.

We have measured continuously gravity, vertical-SP, elevation changes (GNSS), precipitation and water table level in Tomakomai CCS demonstration site, Hokkaido. The vertical-SP monitoring was to measure electric potential difference between two electrodes, one of them was settled on the bottom of the observation well (5 m or 10 m under the ground level) and the other was settled on the vicinity of the ground level. Rainwater infiltration generates streaming potential between top and bottom of the water flow, and vertical-SP can be changed according to the percolation process. For example, heavy rain of almost 100 mm in total was observed between 14 Aug. and 17 Aug. in 2018, and we observed SP changes of 10 mV coincide with the rainfall. We tried to interpret the observation results by history-matching method using 2-D flow simulation and geophysical postprocessor (Pritchett 1995). In our presentation, we will report the continuous monitoring results and evaluate the disturbance of SP and gravity due to rainfall.
This presentation is based on results obtained from a project commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan.