JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[J] Poster

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-SC Social Earth Sciences & Civil/Urban System Sciences

[H-SC07] CCUS (Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilization, and Storage) for Climate Mitigation

convener:Masao Sorai(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Ziqiu Xue(Research Institute of Innovative Tech for the Earth), Masaatsu Aichi(Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo), Yoshihiro Konno(The University of Tokyo)

[HSC07-P01] On the relationship between Vp and CO2 saturation in the logging data at the Nagaoka site

*Takahiro Nakajima1,2, Ziqiu Xue1,2 (1.Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, 2.Geological Carbon Dioxide Storage Technology Research Association)

Keywords:Geological CO2 storage, Sonic logging, P-wave velocity, Histeresis, Nagaoka site

This paper discusses the relationship between seismic P-wave velocity (Vp) and CO2 the field scale observation at the Nagaoka site. This dependency is important to evaluate the stored CO2 in the ground using seismic exploration methods. There are many reports which examined and modeled the relationship. However, most of the reports studied drainage processes, where pore water is replaced by injected CO2. In this paper, we investigate the relationships during drainage and imbibition processes using the time-lapse logging data at the Nagaoka site. Nagaoka site is the first CO2 injection site in Japan, and CO2 was injected between July 2003 and January 2005. Time-lapse loggings have been conduction at the observation wells in order to monitor the injected CO2. The period of the post-injection monitoring is almost 15 years, so the monitoring data provide information on the imbibition process.
The monitoring data at a down-dip direction showed that CO2 saturation increased at the injection period, became maximum one year after the end of the injection, and was gradually approaching at a certain value. The latest data is thought to be the residual saturation state. Vp change in the sonic logging data represented that the Vp decreased uniformly during the drainage process but the trajectories during the imbibition process have facies dependencies. This facies dependency means that there is hysteresis in the relationship between Vp and CO2 saturation, the hysteresis is stronger in the silty stone than the sandy stone at the Nagaoka site.
Physical meanings of these behaviors were considered. The relationship at the drainage process is thought to be modified patchy saturation as Azuma et al., (2013) pointed out. However, during the imbibition process, it became more uniform relationship. The reason of this difference is thought to be come from that injected CO2 would be invading from the large pore space, while the residual CO2 would exist only in small pore space, which is thought to be uniformly spread out than large pore space. This supports that the silty layer worked like a uniform medium at the imbibition process.
The results of these analyses indicate that the evaluation of CO2 saturation from seismic methods needs to be more careful at the post-injection period.