JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT15] Environmental Remote Sensing

convener:Wei Yang(Chiba University), Akihiko Kondoh(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Carolynne Hultquist(Columbia University), Elena Sava(US Army Corps of Engineers Geospatial Research Laboratory), Guido Cervone(Pennsylvania State University Main Campus)

[HTT15-P08] Spectro-polarimetric BRF measurements of the desert sand with multispectral LCTF camera

*Begzsuren Tumendemberel1, Yukihiro Takahashi1, Junichi Kurihara1, Tetsuro Ishida, Nobuyasu Naruse2, Ahmad Shaqeer1 (1.Hokkaido University, Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Kita 10-Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, 2.Division of Physics Dept. of Fundamental Bioscience, Faculty of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science ZIP: 520-2192 Seta, Tsukinowa-cho, Otsu, Shiga, JAPAN)

Keywords:BRDF, Sand, PICS

Earth observation satellites have the ability to calibrate their radiometric characteristics of space-borne cameras and optical sensors on-orbit when traveling on Pseudo Invariant Calibration Sites (PICS). PICS are located mostly in deserts with high spatial homogeneity and high time-related stability of canopy optical properties. On the other hand, modern satellites are able to take images to alongside using attitude control. The light reflected from the sand is not only indicated by the intensity, but also by the phenomenon of polarization of light. The polarized light reflection of the earth’s canopy begins to be a new strong method of earth observation. A polarization camera can be on flight devices or satellites to explore atmospheric chemistry or to detect hidden objects. If we study further efficiently the spectral signature of sand as well as the light reflection and polarization, we can do more precise calibration on polarization camera in space. This study aims to investigate the polarization properties and spectral relations of the sand Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) by separating specular and diffuse reflectance. For this purpose, the sands BRDF was measured in a laboratory by Liquid Crystal Tunable Filter (LCTF) camera in the wavelength range of 460-780 nm with a polarization intensity. The imaging with the multispectral LCTF camera has a great advantage that an arbitrary angle of the field of view can be selected in a specific area. Hundreds of combinations of light illumination and camera view direction are considered in this study, due for this reason we built a fully automatic goniometer with LCTF camera at Hokkaido University. The room window is closed by a dark curtain and the darkroom has built inside the room, which means it’s ideal entirely dark. The laboratory and its equipment, including the automatic goniometer, control system, and sensor instruments covered with black absorbing materials for minimizing diffuse irradiance scattering. We have classified sand by grain size, and its properties are more accurate than in previous studies.