JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS01] Tsunami deposit

convener:Daisuke Ishimura(Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Takashi Chiba(Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University), Masaki Yamada(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Takashi Ishizawa(International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University)

[MIS01-P01] Distribution of tephra and tsunami deposits in Shikotan Island: Outline of the Japan-Russia joint research in 2019

*Yuichi Nishimura1, Alexander Shishkin2, Yasuhiro Takashimizu3, Daisuke Sugawara4, Takashi Ishizawa5, Koichiro Tanigawa6 (1.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 3.Faculty of Education, Niigata University, 4.Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka, 5.International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 6.The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology )

Keywords:Shikotan Island, tsunami deposit, volcanic tephra

Historical and prehistorical tsunami deposits in Shikotan Island, the Northern Territories, were studied as parts of visa-free exchange programs of Japan and Russia. The reconnaissance survey was conducted from July 5th to 15th in 2019 in Horobetsu, Anama, Matakotan, Chiboi, and Inemoshiri. And candidates of tsunami deposits and volcanic tephra were examined at 32 sites by using a handy geoslicer and a peat sampler. As a result, In Inemoshiri, 6 candidates of tsunami deposit and 4 tephras were traced inland up to 530m from the coast. In Horobetsu, 1 candidate of tsunami deposit and 3 tephras were traced inland up to 350m from the coast. In Shikotan Island, it is reported that tephra from volcanoes of Hokkaido, such as Ko-c1 (1856), Ta-a (1739), Ko-c2 (1694), Ta-b (1667), Ma-b (10th Century) and Ta-c (2,700 BP) are deposited (Razzhigaeva et al., 2016). With these volcanic deposits as the key layer, we can estimate the age of the candidates of tsunami deposits. Our study was mainly conducted in the peatland developed in a valley facing the sea, as there are no wide and flat wetlands on the island. We needed to distinguish sandy layers caused by slope collapse and river flood from tsunami deposits based on a detailed survey of their distribution and sedimentary facies at each site.