[MIS05-06] Pleistocene Water Isotope Reconstructions from the Indian Monsoon Region
Keywords:Indian Monsoon , Oxygen isotopes, Pleistocene
These three proxy types share large-scale aspects of Indian monsoon circulation (e.g., seasonality and oceanic moisture source), but differ in how the signal is recorded. For example, seawater δ18O monitors direct rainfall as well as runoff and mixing in the ocean environment. Speleothem δ18O and leaf wax δD are both influenced by soil processes while speleothem δ18O may be additionally influenced by karst and cave environmental factors. Employing a multi-proxy approach provides a means of identifying common signals among the proxies and helps to unravel the processes that impact the recorded signals on orbital timescales.
To accomplish this, we examine these proxy time series in the context of spectral structure and phase in order to ascertain the extent to which they do or do not covary with one another and the extent to which they monitor aspects of local rainfall and/or larger-scale moisture source and transport path dynamics. We find common variance among the speleothem δ18O and leaf wax δD records which differ in significant and systematic ways from the seawater δ18O records. On the basis of model results, we provisionally interpret the differences in the context of changes in vapor transport path dynamics having an influence on the leaf wax and speleothem records, causing them to lead the seawater isotopic response at orbital time scales.