[MIS05-P01] Isotope analysis of Neogene marine sediment from Maldives
In this study, the core of Site U-1468 (4 ° 56′N, 73 ° 4′E) drilled during the cruise of the International Ocean Discovery Program Exp.359, which has an age from ~25 to 10 Ma, was used for the analysis of Pb and Sr isotope ratios. The core is characterized by coral reefs around it with dead bodies piled up and rich in carbonate components. Therefore, the sample was chemically separated into carbonate and non-carbonate components and Pb and Sr were purified on each type of sample. The isotope ratios were analyzed using TIMS (Finnigan MAT262) for both Pb and Sr and MC-ICP-MS (NEPTUNE) for Pb, and the contents of Pb and Sr in 5% of the sample were measured by ICP-MS (Aglient 7700x).
As a result of the measurement of Pb isotope ratio of Maldives sediment, both carbonate component and non-carbonate component show a trend in which the 206Pb / 204Pb increases from around 13 Ma when the drift sediment was developed. In this study, the carbonate component has a systematically higher Pb isotope ratio than that of the non-carbonate component which is similar to that reported from the Himalayas (Wilson et al., 2015). For the Sr isotope ratios, 87Sr/86Sr in the carbonate components has a value close to that of seawater, that may reflect the influence of the surrounding seawater. On the other hand, variation of 87Sr/86Sr in the non-carbonate components behaves differently from that in seawater before 13 Ma, suggesting another input of Sr around this age.