[MIS08-01] Beryllium isotopes from marine and lake sediments indicate melting of the West and East Antarctic Ice Sheet during the 4.2 Ka BP climate event
Keywords:Beryllium, Holocene, Antarctica, Sea-Level, Weathering, 4.2 Ka event
Meteoric 10Be is produced in the atmosphere by cosmic rays and delivered to the Earth and ocean surface via dust and precipitation. In Antarctica, these sources of 10Be become locked up in ice sheets and are subsequently released to the continental shelf during periods of melting and freshwater discharge, where they adhere to suspended particles in the water column and subsequently accumulate on the basin floor . Stable 9Be is present in silicate rocks and is released during subglacial weathering, with little simultaneous release of 10Be, and transported to the oceans via meltwater outflow . When Be is incorporated into the authigenic phase of marine sediments, the 10Be/9Be reflects that of the overlying water column , which in turn reflects the relative dominance of freshwater flux and/or subglacial weathering.
When 10Be/9Be ratios and 10Be data from Lake Maruwan Oike, Lake Skallen and the Ferrero Bay are compiled with previous data from the Wilkes Subglacial Basin  and Ross Sea , they reveal a large increase in 10Be abundance coincident with approximately 4 to 5 Ka BP, suggesting widespread meltwater discharge and destabilisation of parts of the WAIS and EAIS during this time. Such reorganisation of Antarctic ice sheets could be linked with a southern migration of the ITCZ, possibly caused by variations in ENSO. This would have caused a strengthening of the Southern Hemisphere westerlies which, in turn, would have caused enhanced upwelling of warm intermediate waters onto the shelf leading to increased marine ice shelf instability and melting [2, 9] suggesting possible Antarctic contribution to global sea-level rise.
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