JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS08] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Benoit Thibodeau(University of Hong Kong), Akitomo Yamamoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and TechnologyAtmosphere and Ocean Research Institute), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University)

[MIS08-01] Beryllium isotopes from marine and lake sediments indicate melting of the West and East Antarctic Ice Sheet during the 4.2 Ka BP climate event

★Invited Papers

*Adam David Sproson1,2, Yusuke Yokoyama1,2, Yoshinori Takano2, Rebecca Totten Minzoni3, Bethany Behrens1, Yosuke Miyairi1, Takahiro AZE1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Biogeochemistry, Japanese Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Alabama)

Keywords:Beryllium, Holocene, Antarctica, Sea-Level, Weathering, 4.2 Ka event

The 4.2 ka BP climate event was a ca. 200 to 300 year period of synchronous abrupt megadrought, cold temperatures, and windiness that were manifest globally, coincident with societal collapses in the Northern Hemisphere, the most famous of which include the Egyptian Old Kingdom, Akkadian Empire and Harappan civilization [1]. Approximately 3 to 4 m of global sea-level equivalent melting occurred at the same time [2]. However, the melt water contribution from the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, and the response of the Southern Hemisphere, to the 4.2 ka BP event is not well understood. Here, we present the authigenic Be isotope composition of lake and marine sediments from the Lützow-Holm Bay (EAIS) and the Ferrero Bay (WAIS), respectively [3-5].

Meteoric 10Be is produced in the atmosphere by cosmic rays and delivered to the Earth and ocean surface via dust and precipitation. In Antarctica, these sources of 10Be become locked up in ice sheets and are subsequently released to the continental shelf during periods of melting and freshwater discharge, where they adhere to suspended particles in the water column and subsequently accumulate on the basin floor [6]. Stable 9Be is present in silicate rocks and is released during subglacial weathering, with little simultaneous release of 10Be, and transported to the oceans via meltwater outflow [7]. When Be is incorporated into the authigenic phase of marine sediments, the 10Be/9Be reflects that of the overlying water column [8], which in turn reflects the relative dominance of freshwater flux and/or subglacial weathering.

When 10Be/9Be ratios and 10Be data from Lake Maruwan Oike, Lake Skallen and the Ferrero Bay are compiled with previous data from the Wilkes Subglacial Basin [9] and Ross Sea [10], they reveal a large increase in 10Be abundance coincident with approximately 4 to 5 Ka BP, suggesting widespread meltwater discharge and destabilisation of parts of the WAIS and EAIS during this time. Such reorganisation of Antarctic ice sheets could be linked with a southern migration of the ITCZ, possibly caused by variations in ENSO. This would have caused a strengthening of the Southern Hemisphere westerlies which, in turn, would have caused enhanced upwelling of warm intermediate waters onto the shelf leading to increased marine ice shelf instability and melting [2, 9] suggesting possible Antarctic contribution to global sea-level rise.

[1] Railsback, L.B., et al. (2018) Quaternary Science Reviews 186: p. 78-90. [2] Yokoyama, Y., et al. (2019) Quaternary Science Reviews 206: p. 150-161. [3] Takano, Y., et al. (2015) Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2(1): p. 8. [4] Takano, Y., et al. (2012) Applied Geochemistry 27(12): p. 2546-2559. [5] Minzoni, R.T., et al. (2017) The Holocene 27(11): p. 1645-1658. [6] Simon, Q., et al. (2016) Quaternary Science Reviews 140: p. 142-162. [7] Sjunneskog, C. et al. (2007) Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 259(1): p. 576-583. [8] von Blanckenburg, F. and J. Bouchez (2014) Earth and Planetary Science Letters 387: p. 34-43. [9] Behrens, B., et al. (2019) Journal of Quaternary Science 34(8): p. 603-608. [10] Yokoyama, Y., et al. (2016) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences113(9): p. 2354.